1. HOW DID LIFE ORIGINATE?
Evolutionist professor Paul Davies admitted, "Nobody knows how a mixture of lifeless chemicals spontaneously organised themselves into the first living cell." Andrew Knoll, professor of biology, Harvard, said, "we don't really know how life originated on this planet". A minimal cell needs several hundred proteins. Even if every atom in the universe were an experiment with all the correct amino acids present for every molecular vibration in the supposed evolutionary age of the universe, not even one average-sized functional protein would form. So how did life with hundreds of proteins originate just by chemistry without intelligent design?
Read more: creation.com/origin
2. HOW DID THE DNA CODE ORIGINATE?
The code is a sophisticated language system with letters and words where the meaning of the words is unrelated to the chemical properties of the letters - just as the information on this article is not a product of the pixels on the screen (or the chemical properties of the ink). What other coding system has existed without intelligent design? How did the DNA coding system arise without it being created?
Read more: creation.com/code
3. HOW COULD MUTATIONS - ACCIDENTAL COPYING MISTAKES (DNA 'LETTERS' EXCHANGED, DELETED OR ADDED, GENES DUPLICATED, CHROMOSOME INVERSIONS, ETC) - CREATE THE HUGE VOLUMES OF INFORMATION IN THE DNA OF LIVING THINGS?
How could such errors create 3 billion letters of DNA information to change a microbe into a microbiologist? There is information for how to make proteins and also for controlling their use - much like a cookbook contains the ingredients as well as instructions for when and how to use them. One without the other is useless - see creation.com/meta-information. Mutations are known for their destructive effects, including over 1,000 human diseases such as haemophilia. Rarely are they even helpful. But how can scrambling existing DNA information create a new biochemical pathway or nano-machines with many components to make 'goo-to-you' evolution possible? Eg, how did a 32-component rotary motor like ATP synthase (which produces the energy currency, ATP, for all life) or robots like kinesin (a 'postman' delivering parcels inside cells) originate?
Read more: creation.com/train
4. WHY IS NATURAL SELECTION, A PRINCIPLE RECOGNISED BY CREATIONISTS, TAUGHT AS 'EVOLUTION', AS IF IT EXPLAINS THE ORIGIN OF THE DIVERSITY OF LIFE?
By definition it is a selective process (selecting from already existing information)so is not a creative process. it might explain the survival of the fittest (why certain genes benefit creatures more in certain environments), but not the arrival of the fittest (where the genes and creatures came from in the first place). The death of individuals not adapted to an environment and the survival of those that are suited does not explain the origin of the traits that make an organism suited to an environment. Eg how do minor back-and-forth variations in finch beaks explain the origin of beaks and finches? How does natural selection explain goo-to-you evolution?
Read more: creation.com/defining-terms
5. HOW DID NEW BIOCHEMICAL PATHWAYS, WHICH INVOLVE MULTIPLE ENZYMES WORKING TOGETHER IN SEQUENCE, ORIGINATE?
Every pathway and nano-machine requires multiple protein/enzyme components to work. how did lucky accidents create even one of the components, let alone 10 or 20 or 30+ at the same time, often in a necessary programmed sequence? Evolutionary biochemist Franklin Harold wrote, "we must concede that there are presently no detailed Darwinian accounts of the evolution of any biochemical or cellular system, only a variety of wishful speculations."
Read more: creation.com/motor
6. LIVING THINGS LOOK LIKE THEY WERE DESIGNED, SO HOW DO EVOLUTIONISTS KNOW THEY WERE NOT DESIGNED?
Richard Dawkins wrote, "biology is the study of complex things that have the appearance of having been designed with a purpose." Francis Crick, the co-discoverer of the double helix structure of DNA, wrote "Biologists must constantly keep in mind that what they see was not designed, but rather evolved." The problem for evolutionists is that living things show too much design. Who objects when an archaeologist says that pottery points to human design? Yet if someone attributes the design in living things to a designer, that is not acceptable. Why should science be restricted to naturalistic causes rather than logical causes?
Read more: creation.com/design_legit
7. HOW DID MULTI-CELLULAR LIFE ORIGINATE?
How did cells adapted to individual survival 'learn' to cooperate and specialize (including undergoing programmed cell death) to create complex plants and animals?
Read more: creation.com/multicellularity
8. HOW DID SEX ORIGINATE?
Asexual reproduction gives up to twice as much reproductive success ('fitness') for the same resources as sexual reproduction, so how could the latter ever gain enough advantage to be selected? And how could mere physics and chemistry invent the complementary apparatuses needed at the same time (non-intelligent processes cannot plan for future coordination of male and female organs).
Read more: creation.com/evosex
9. WHY ARE THE (EXPECTED) COUNTLESS MILLIONS OF TRANSITIONAL FOSSILS MISSING?
Darwin noted the problem and it still remains. The evolutionary family trees in textbooks are based on imagination, not fossil evidence. Famous Harvard paleontologist (and evolutionist) Stephen Jay Gould wrote, "The extreme rarity of transitional forms in the fossil record persists as the trade secret of paleontology". Other evolutionist fossils also admit the problem.
Read more: creation.com/pattquote
10. HOW DO "LIVING FOSSILS" REMAIN UNCHANGED OVER MILLIONS OF YEARS, IF EVOLUTION HAS CHANGED WORMS INTO HUMANS IN THE SAME TIME FRAME?
Professor Gould wrote, "the maintenance of stability within species must be considered as a major evolutionary problem".
Read more: creation.com/living_fossils
11. HOW DID BLIND CHEMISTRY CREATE MIND/INTELLIGENCE, MEANING, ALTRUISM AND MORALITY?
If everything evolved, and we invented God, as per evolutionary teaching, what purpose or meaning is there to human life? Should students be learning nihilism (life is meaningless) in science classes?
Read more: creation.com/chesterton
12. WHY IS EVOLUTIONARY 'JUST-SO' STORY-TELLING TOLERATED?
Evolutionists often use flexible story-telling to 'explain' observations contrary to evolutionary theory. NAS (National Academy of Sciences - USA) member Dr Philip Skell wrote, "Darwinian explanations for such things are often too supple: Natural selection makes humans self-centred and aggressive - except when it makes them altruistic and peaceable. Or natural selection produces virile men who eagerly spread their seed - except when it prefers men who are successful protectors and providers. When an explanation is so supple that it can explain any behaviour, it is difficult to test it experimentally, much less use it as a catalyst for scientific discovery".
Read more: creation.com/sexstories
13. WHERE ARE THE SCIENTIFIC BREAKTHROUGHS DUE TO EVOLUTION?
Dr Marc Kirschner, chair of the Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, stated: "In fact, over the last 100 years, almost all of biology has proceeded independently of evolution, except evolutionary biology itself. Molecular biology, biochemistry, physiology, have not taken evolution into account at all." Dr Skell wrote, "It is our knowledge of how these organisms actually operate, not speculation about how they may have arisen millions of years ago, that is essential to doctors, veterinarians, farmers..." Evolution actually hinders medical discovery. Then why do schools and universities teach evolution so dogmatically, stealing time from experimental biology that so benefits mankind?
Read more: creation.com/science#relevance
14. SCIENCE INVOLVES EXPERIMENTING TO FIGURE OUT HOW THINGS WORK; HOW THEY OPERATE. WHY IS EVOLUTION, A THEORY ABOUT HISTORY, TAUGHT AS IF IT IS THE SAME AS THIS OPERATIONAL SCIENCE?
You cannot do experiments, or even observe what happened, in the past. Asked if evolution has been observed, Richard Dawkins said, "Evolution has been observed. It's just that it hasn't been observed while it's happening."
Read more: creation.com/notscience#distinction
15. WHY IS A FUNDAMENTALLY RELIGIOUS IDEA, A DOGMATIC BELEIF SYSTEM THAT FAILS TO EXPLAIN THE EVIDENCE, TAUGHT IN SCIENCE CLASSES?
Karl Popper, famous philosopher of science, said "Darwinism is not a testable scientific theory, but a metaphysical [religious] research programme..." Michael Ruse, evolutionist science puliosopher, admitted, "Evolution is a religion. This was true of evolution in the beginning, and it is true of evolution today." If "you can't teach religion in science classes", why is evolution taught?
Read more: "creation.com/evo-religious and creation.com/notscience
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